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|Issue: Volume 26 Issue 3, 2017
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|Issue: Volume 26 Issue 2, 2017
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|Issue: Volume 26 Issue 1, 2017
Editorial: Violence and Abuse in Children’s Lives
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Author: Karen Walker-Simpson
First published online: 26 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2477
- Formal reporting procedures may actually offer routes to protection that are inaccessible or unacceptable to local people.
- Reporting procedures should be developed with a much greater participation of local people.
- There is a need for investment in piloting and implementing locally led approaches to capacity building.
- The engagement of donors is critical in order to develop a new approach to evaluating ‘child safe’ organisations.
Author: Denise Coster
First published online: 22 MAY 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2469
- The psycho-educational film Coping with Crying is an effective way to give parents strategies to cope when faced with their babies’ crying.
- The film should be shown in the antenatal or postnatal period, after parents have left hospital but before the baby is six weeks old, to have the greatest impact.
Authors:Lauren Matthews, Alison Kemp and Sabine Maguire
First published online: 24 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2474
- CPSWs lack confidence in assessing bruising characteristics associated with physical abuse, largely due to their lack of training.
- CPSWs’ decisions to refer for medical examinations are strongly influenced by an exploration of history and key social factors, including chastisement strategies and the home environment.
- Paediatricians are unaware of CPSWs’ training or knowledge, and thus have unrealistic expectations of their assessment of bruising characteristics.
- Communication between professionals could be improved by joint professional training in this area, providing current scientific evidence relating to bruises and an explicit explanation of the role of each in this assessment.
Authors: Merav Jedwab and Rami Benbenishty
First published online: 20 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2468
- Health professionals are often required by law to report any reasonable suspicion of child abuse or neglect.
- Prior studies indicate that there are various barriers to reporting.
- Studies indicate a need for further theoretical and practical training and education of health professionals.
Training Update: Seen and Heard (e-Learning Course and Supplementary Training Materials on Building Awareness of Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation) by the Department of Health and the Children’s Society, 2016
Author: Hilary Eldridge
First published online: 11 APR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2471
- Engaging mixture of spoken, written and pictorial messages from children and young people
- Helpful research content but some significant problems
- Excellent content but some technical problems accessing the programme
- Participants encouraged to become ‘champions’.
Authors: Carmen Cronin, Suruchi Sood and Dawn Thomas
First published online: 17 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2447
- Successful violence prevention programmes are not taking full advantage of digital technologies. Adapting programmes and messages for computer, internet or mobile phone delivery would broaden their scope and reach.
- The interactive nature of digital technologies makes them ideally suited to involve and empower individuals and entire communities for change.
- The effectiveness of digital technologies in preventing violence against children is still unclear. More investment in research and evaluation is needed.
Authors: Adrian V. Rus, Ecaterina Stativa, Max E. Butterfield, Jacquelyn S. Pennings, Sheri R. Parris, Gabriel Burcea and Reggies Wenyika
First published online: 2 MAR 2017 | DOI: 10.1002/car.2464
- Four in ten (40%) institutionalised children reported that they were aware of at least one form of peer exploitation, and nearly three in ten (28.5%) reported experiencing at least some of these types of exploitation practices by their older peers.
- This study highlights the importance of understanding the complex milieu that comprised the daily lives of institutionalised children in Romania, including an environment that consisted of physical abuse by institution staff and awareness and experiences of exploitation.