We have an exciting range of keynote speakers from within and outside the child protection field. Each of these will offer a unique perspective on safeguarding children and how we can learn from different disciplines.
Kish Bhatti-Sinclair | Siobhan Beckwith | Paul Edmondson | Anne Fine | Daniel Rhind | Sir Ernest Ryder | Clare Shaw | Irene Stevens | Elaine Storkey | Rai Waddingham | Sam Warner
Rai Waddingham is an experienced international trainer who specialises in innovative ways of supporting people who struggle with extreme states (including ‘psychosis’, ‘dissociation’ and complex post-traumatic reactions). Rai has particular expertise in working with children, young people and people in prison who hear voices. In 2010, Rai launched a project developing a network of Hearing Voices peer support groups in London’s prisons, building on her work developing groups for adults and young people in the community. She now works as an honorary Open Dialogue practitioner in Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership Trust’s Open Dialogue Service.
Rai is a trustee of the English Hearing Voices Network, Intervoice and Vice Chair of ISPS UK (International Society for Psychological and Social Approaches to Psychosis). She is also a member of ISPS’s International Executive Committee. Rai has personal experience of hearing voices, psychosis and dissociation. She uses her own experiences and the principles of the Hearing Voices Movement to inform her work.
“Listening to, and learning from, the voices young people hear”
Hearing voices that other people don’t hear is just one possible response to traumatic or adverse life experiences, but it is one that can leave supporters feeling out of their depth. Once seen as the epitome of madness, it is now understood that voices are a meaningful experience that can often reflect the struggles which provoked or shaped them. In this talk, I will explore the experience of hearing voices and their relationship to traumatic life experiences. I will cover some of the different kinds of voices heard by young people who have experienced trauma and/or child protection processes – including: taboo and violent voices; voices that provide comfort and security; voices that echo feelings of fear, loss or guilt. Importantly, I will suggest some of the things adults can do to help young people feel safer and more empowered within these experiences. I will draw on personal experience as a survivor of trauma and voice-hearer, as well as my professional experience of supporting young people through the Voice Collective young person’s hearing voices project.
Siobhan Beckwith works as Project Lead for WomenCentre’s Mothers Living Apart from their Children Project which takes a co-creation approach to their work. WomenCentre is a registered charity with a mission to improve the quality of life for women both locally and nationally. Siobhan facilitates group work and peer-led development work which has resulted in creative partnerships elevating of mothers apart from their children. She led the development and creation of a book: ‘In Our Hearts: Stories and Wisdom of Mothers Living Apart from their Children’ and worked collaboratively on an exhibition: ‘Mothers Apart: Life in the Goldfish bowl’. In Our Hearts brings together work from around 50 contributors, who write about the problems that led to their children being taken into care as well as stories and reflections about their lives since the separation. The book is an aid and guide to learning for parents, families and professionals working in the protection of children. The exhibition explores the link between mental health and living apart from children and has been displayed in the Mental Health Museum in Wakefield. Siobhan also leads on partnerships involving women delivering training on both undergraduate and post-graduate Social Work teaching, as well as facilitating workshops for prospective adopters led by birth mothers.
Through her research – ‘Managing The Hurt – Narratives of Mothers Living Apart From Their Children’ – Siobhan has explored ways in which mothers apart from their children are able to construct their mothering identities in the absence of children in their everyday lives.
“Hearts in the Goldfish Bowl”
Siobhan will be joined by a member of the mothers living apart from their children group and they will jointly speak about the ways in which collaborative working has helped to create a number of learning partnerships. Women, professionals, adoptive families and wider communities are able to benefit from creating dialogue stemming from women’s experiences of living apart from their children.
Working collaboratively, whether it be on a book, an exhibition or teaching the work involves trust, bravery, vulnerability and struggle. The presentation will weave personal experiences into the stories of how our partnership working creates impact and strengthens not only women’s resilience but also multi-agency working. We will set out the charter which underpins and drives our collaborative work.
Clare Shaw, educationalist, writer and expert-by-experience and
Sam Warner, consultant clinical psychologist and associate lecturer, school of social sciences, Salford University
Clare Shaw is an educationalist and a writer. Her work is explicitly grounded in academic and professional knowledge, and also in her own experiences of self-injury and using mental health services. She is the author of “Otis Doesn’t Scratch (PCCS 2015); co-editor of “Our Encounters with Self-injury” (PCCS 2013); and has published numerous articles and book chapters. Clare is also a Royal Literary Fellow at the University of Huddersfield. She is “one of Britain’s most dynamic and powerful young poets” (Arvon Foundation), and as such creativity and performance are an important element of her work.
Dr Sam Warner is a chartered and consultant clinical psychologist, qualifying in 1991. She works as an academic, consultant, expert witness, researcher, psychotherapist, public speaker and trainer. Throughout Sam’s career she has focused on helping people make sense of trauma associated with abuse, neglect and loss; and related issues such as attachment difficulties, dissociation, self-harm and suicide. Sam has a particular interest in sexual violence and has worked in and led a variety of specialist sexual violence therapy services both in the third sector and statutory mental health services, working with both children and adults. She has been engaged by the Department of Health and British Government as an expert in mental health on national and international sexual violence projects. She has written extensively on these issues. Sam is currently working on a new book and training manual on child sexual abuse (PCCS Books). She is also a founding member of the Frank Bruno Foundation Fighting Back, which aims to develop integrated physical and mental health wellbeing programmes to support children and adults with mental health difficulties.
Clare and Sam’s individual work as writers, public speakers and mental health activists intersected over the years leading to their first large collaboration as organisers of the Minimising Harm, Maximising Hope: Reframing Self-Injury Conference in 2010. This itself led to co-editing a special edition of Asylum, the magazine for democratic psychiatry, on the same issue, published in 2013. Since then they have developed and delivered a range of training courses and events to over 1000 participants. They continue to work around issues including self-harm, suicide and sexual violence. They are leading trainers in promoting better understanding of mental health in the workplace. They have created and performed in a community-based mental health and art project Drop in Dreams, which premiered at Latitude festival in 2016. They have co-edited and written papers and chapters together, and they are currently working on the evaluation of a two-year program of self-injury courses they delivered to staff across the mental health footprint in Lancashire Care NHS Trust, UK.
“Developing practitioner-survivor partnerships: playing to our strengths and sharing common ground”
In this presentation, which launches our Partnership day, Clare and Sam will draw on their experiences of working together to construct a model for sustaining an equitable partnership between practitioners and survivors. As clinical psychologist and survivor activist, we have developed our joint work as writers, trainers and creative practitioners over the course of several years. This joint work is explicitly informed by structural and post-structural understandings of power. We demonstrate how this has enabled us to explore the power differential between survivors and professionals that historically has prioritised professional accounts and marginalised survivor wisdom.
Using the example of our extensive work around self-injury and suicide, we hold up our own collaborative relationship as an example of how hierarchy may be consciously addressed and reversed. We examine the key strategies we use, when working together, to overturn some of the usual hierarchies and to explore how we connect with each other. These include personal disclosure, reflexive practice and having a good sense of humour! We also draw on our own value base and coping strategies that have enabled us to challenge our own personal experiences of being located within structures of power. Not only is this collaboration format radical, it is also successful. Using training evaluation data we demonstrate that a truly equitable working relationship between professional and survivor is experienced as unusually insightful – providing valuable, detailed and applicable knowledge for course participants – and for ourselves proving to be transformative and uniquely rewarding.
Kish Bhatti-Sinclair is well known for her work on social work, race and racism. This includes research on the importance of border controls and information technology in the countries of the European Union, globalisation in relation to social work values and inter-professional working in a culturally appropriate way. Kish has shown a particular interest in research methodologies sensitive to the needs of black and minority ethnic (BME) populations. Kish has worked on a number of research projects evaluating social work practice and used theories such as modern racism to test discriminatory attitudes and behaviours.
In relation to children and young people Kish has researched case data from the USA and the UK which has led to publications on the challenges of placing children in care. Kish has reported on projects evaluating initiatives on troubled families and analysed case data on BME children in care. This has led to a number of reports which have questioned professional understanding of cultural imperatives and beliefs, responses to child abuse by minority ethnic communities, cultural racism, anti-muslim racism and Islamophobia.
Kish’s book projects include: Anti-Racist Practice in Social Work (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) which examines attitudes and behaviours in relation to law, policy and practice on race equality. Two further book projects are under way: Diversity, Difference and Dilemmas (OUP/McGraw Hill, 2017) examines, for example, the disproportionate attention paid to immigrants and terrorists in populist policy and media reporting. CSE in Multi-Racial Britain (The Policy Press, 2018) offers insights into the complex challenges facing professionals working with hard to reach children and young people who are endangered through commercial and sexual exploitation by perpetrators, gangs and networks.
“Prejudice, discrimination and unconscious bias: is it time to rethink our approaches to the victims and perpetrators of child sexual exploitation?”
Victims of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) are often portrayed in popular media and some Government reports as working class, sexualised beings who are hard to reach and difficult to engage. Social workers and police officers are not pursuing cases for fear of being accused of racism. There is a disproportionate reporting of Muslim men as sexual predators. CSE is increasingly being located in areas with high Muslim populations. The link between the exploitation of (mainly) young, white women victims to (mainly) Muslim men is adding to the fear, distrust and general anxiety about external threats such as immigration and terrorism.
Professional anxieties about the ethnicity of CSE suspects and political correctness may be impinging systematic action by child protection agencies. Simplistic profiling of perpetrators and lack of professional curiosity may be curtailing understanding of children’s rights, self-direction and the limits and realities of sexual activity. Complex grooming processes, cross agency intelligence and criminal proceedings against perpetrators are not being examined and pursued systematically.
Further research is needed on victims who are part of the night economy and BME girls who may be less visible, more vulnerable and overly controlled by parental figures. Young men are also being sexually exploited but often assumed to be gay. There is little evidence to support this, however, gay, bisexual and transpectrum young men may be accessing social venues known to perpetrators and may be involved in activities which increase contact with gangs and criminality.
In conclusion, CSE cases require critical analysis and balanced reporting in order that selected groups are not scapegoated and held responsible for a problem found amongst all groups.
Dr Daniel Rhind is a Chartered Psychologist and member of the British Psychological Society. He has worked as a Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology at Brunel University, London since obtaining his PhD from Loughborough University in 2008. Daniel leads the Brunel International Research Network for Athlete Welfare (BIRNAW). He is a member of the CPSU’s Research Evidence and Advisory Group and is on the Sport Safeguarding Children Initiative Working Group. He was also a member of the BASES Expert Group who developed training on child protection for sport scientists.
Daniel’s research focuses on understanding the development and maintenance of (un)healthy and (in)effective relationships in sport. This relates to all key stakeholders including athletes/players, coaches, referees and parents. This research informs policy and practice to promote the welfare of everyone and safeguard people with additional vulnerability in sport. Daniel’s research has been funded by a range of organisations including the European Commission, Commonwealth Secretariat, Oak Foundation, the Daiwa Foundation, International Inspiration, the Football Association, the Rugby Football Union, the International Tennis Federation and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. His most recent research was the foundation of the recently launched International Safeguards for Children in Sport.
“Safeguarding in, around and through sport”
The importance of safeguarding children and young people within organizations has been repeatedly demonstrated in a range of recent high profile media stories. These organizations cover a variety of different contexts such as schools, churches, hospitals, and care homes. Although sport can provide significant physical, social and psychological benefits for children, research evidence over the past 20 years has demonstrated that sport can also be a context in which children can be subjected to different forms of abuse.
This presentation will consider safeguarding in, around and through sport. Safeguarding ‘in’ sport concerns the prevalence of the different forms of abuse along with the factors which may make children more vulnerable to abuse. Safeguarding ‘around’ sport will be discussed with reference to research on how mega sports events can impact children. Safeguarding ‘through’ sport concerns how participation can help to safeguard children beyond the context of sport.
Over the past 5 years, a working group has developed and piloted the International Safeguards for Children in Sport. The International Safeguards set out the actions that all organizations working in sport should have in place to ensure children are safe from abuse. The presentation will outline the development, implementation and evaluation of these International Safeguards. The CHILDREN Pillars (i.e., Cultural sensitivity, Holistic, Incentives, Leadership, Dynamic, Resources, Engaging stakeholders and Networks) which have been found to under-pin an effective safeguarding system in sport will then be discussed.
Paul Edmondson is Head of Research and Knowledge and Director of the Stratford-upon-Avon Poetry Festival for the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. He is the author, co-author, and co-editor of many books and articles about Shakespeare, including: The Shakespeare Circle: An Alternative Biography (with Stanley Wells for Cambridge University Press, 2015), Shakespeare’s Creative Legacies (with Peter Holbrook, The Arden Shakespeare, 2016); and Finding Shakespeare’s New Place: an archaeological biography (with Kevin Colls and William Mitchell, Manchester University Press, 2016). His Shakespeare: Ideas in Profile (Profile Books, 2015) is an overview of Shakespeare for the general reader. He has published work on the Sonnets, the musicality of Shakespeare’s words, the poetry of Christopher Marlowe, Shakespeare’s influence on the Brontës, and writes theatre and book reviews. He is Chair of the Hosking Houses Trust for women writers, a Trustee of the British Shakespeare Association, an Honorary Fellow at the University of Birmingham, and a priest in the Church of England. He has lived and worked in Stratford-upon-Avon since 1995.
“Shakespeare’s dysfunctional families”
‘King Lear’, ‘Hamlet’, ‘As You Like It’, ‘The Winter’s Tale’: Shakespeare consistently bodies forth family life as dysfunctional, broken, often violent. In this keynote address, Paul Edmondson, Head of Research for The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, considers some of the portrayals of dysfunctional families in Shakespeare’s plays, relevant aspects of Shakespeare’s own life, and considers why this theme seems especially appropriate to our own times.
Anne Fine is a distinguished writer for both adults and children who has twice won both of Britain’s most coveted awards for children’s literature, the Carnegie Medal and the Whitbread (now Costa) Award, along with a Guardian Award, two Smarties/Nestle Awards, and many other national, regional and international prizes. Anne is known for writing, with sensitivity and often with humour, on many serious subjects that affect the lives of young readers. Anne is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and has been awarded an OBE. Her work has been translated into forty five languages.
“Pebbles in the fairy tale: what can child protection learn from children’s literature?”
Literature has always been the most accessible instrument we have for ethical enquiry and the clearest way to answer Socrates’ great question, “How ought we to live?” But all too often the child’s need for a means to interpret their own experience of childhood is ignored. A young person who cannot bear even to begin to think about his or her own unhappy and stressed situation can often begin, safely, to explore the problems they face through fiction – somebody else’s problem. Anne Fine will show how books can offer shafts of light and comfort to the troubled child, and also foster self-scrutiny – not just in the young reader him or herself, but also in the (often overly self-protective) adults who deal with them. Anne will show what these fictional avenues of vicarious experience can mean to young readers, what insights they can bring, and what a comfort they can be. She will try to show how the tolerance and understanding offered by particular novels can offer the twenty first century equivalent of the pebbles in the fairy tale, gleaming in the moonlight and showing the way out of the dark forest.
Dr Irene Stevens was a residential child care worker and manager, and a social care educator from 1984-2000. She then worked at the Scottish Centre of Excellence for Residential Child Care based at Strathclyde University in Glasgow, from 2000-2011, where she carried out training, research and evaluations in residential child care. Since 2011, she has been an independent child care consultant carrying out research and training both nationally and internationally. She has published on the topic of Complexity Theory since 2007 and has presented on the topic of risk and complexity at national and international conferences.
“Child protection at the edge of chaos”
The protection of children takes place in a dynamic and, at times, fast moving environments. Yet many of the models which are used in risk management and decision making are based on linear assumptions. While this has been challenged, particularly in the Munro Review, there may be resistance to thinking outside the usual linear box. I will present some key ideas from complexity theory and explore how the development of a ‘Complexity Imagination’ among those who work with children can contribute to better outcomes for children and staff. The key concepts among others to be explored and related to child protection are bifurcation, emergence, self-organising criticality, dissipative structures and non-linear conceptualisation of issues.
Complexity Theory, by its very nature addresses life at ‘the edge of chaos’ in dynamic systems. This is at the very crux of decision making in practice. In order to protect children, we need to think outside the box. Concepts from Complexity Theory can add to the toolkit used by practitioners by raising questions about the nature of risk and how we, as human beings, deal with this. By developing some of the concepts from Complexity Theory and exploring how they can be put into practice, staff and organisations may be much better prepared to contribute to the protection of children.
Dr Elaine Storkey has lectured in theology and the social sciences at Stirling University, the Open University, Kings College London, Oxford University, and as a visiting professor on many programmes overseas. She is a Fellow of Aberystwyth University and a senior member of Newnham College, Cambridge. Also a broadcaster and writer, she is part of the Emerging Markets Symposium and the Power Shift international network of women in business. As the former president of Tearfund – a Christian aid and development organization – and a member of the General Synod of the Church of England for 28 years, Elaine’s work has been increasingly focused in the interface of feminism and theology. Her latest book Scars Across Humanity (SPCK 2015) looks at the way gender based violence is institutionalized across the world, in many social and cultural forms, and at the need for faith and humanitarian groups to work together to combat it.
“Power, ideology and children at risk. How can we work together across cultural and faith divides to bring change?”
Children, especially girls, are at risk in cultures across the globe. In India, campaigners suggest that the population has lost 50 million girls over the last few decades, through infanticide and foeticide. Because of a marked preference for sons, the ratio of girls to boys in the population is also decreasing, rather than increasing, with affluence. In other countries, girls are subject to brutal female genital mutilation which leaves them with health problems for the rest of their lives. In the UK, 140,000 women currently live with its aftermath, and 10,000 girls this year may be in danger of being cut. Early enforced marriage, ‘honour’ attacks and trafficking for sexual exploitation all add to the list of atrocities which spell danger for young female populations.
This keynote suggests that behind these practices is not simply ‘culture’ but power, money, organized crime and lack of legal protection. Safeguarding is a global issue which needs to cross many boundaries. Progress is made when organisations and campaigners can work together, despite often deep-seated differences to address attitudes and develop strategies for change. We will explore how.
“The role of the justice system in the safeguarding of children”